The West is presented as the result of centuries of “progress” towards better existence, a continuous improvement. This process culminates in the “end of history,” a social organization that is stable, just, and respects human rights. There is another perspective. From a faith-based perspective, European philosophy emerges as documenting a process of estrangement from revealed knowledge resulting in an emancipation of desires. Revelation, however, advises against following desires. The reason is that following desire at the expense of doing the right thing will bring hardship.
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